Medical Conditions Linked to Hairloss
Everyone loses hair on a daily basis. It happens when you shower, when you brush it, or when you run through it with your hands. Normally we lose fifty to a hundred hairs a day, then there will be new ones to replace it.
The most common cause of hairloss is male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness, which are both hereditary. This means that if hairloss runs in your family, you’re likely to experience this type of hair thinning.
But hairloss could be a sign of a more serious medical condition that requires professional attention. Here are several medical conditions that can cause hairloss:
1. Hypothyroidism/ Hyperthyroidism
Millions of people, mostly women, suffer from thyroid disease. Hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) concerns the thyroid hormone, which is responsible for many functions like your metabolic rate and the growth of your skin, nails, and hair.
Hypothyroidism can cause a host of symptoms like unexplained weight gain, fatigue, and even depression. It can also affect the hair, causing it to be more brittle and prone to breakage. Those with hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, can experience hairloss as their metabolism speeds up.
This chronic autoimmune disease affects about 1.5 million people, particularly women during their childbearing years. Lupus typically causes headaches, extreme fatigue, oral ulcers, and painful, swollen joints. Many patients also experience fever, chest pains, and swelling in the feet and hands. Lupus patients also experience hairloss in varying degrees. Hairloss in lupus can be mild and occur while washing or brushing your hair, or it could be more severe where hair comes out in patches, accompanied by rashes on your scalp.
3. Iron deficiency anemia
Women who do not get enough iron in their diets or have heavy periods may be prone to iron deficiency, where the blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells. Red blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen cells throughout the body, giving you energy. If you don’t get enough iron, you can experience extreme fatigue, weakness, headaches and difficulty in concentrating. You can also experience hairloss because of iron deficiency anemia.
4. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS is caused by a hormonal imbalance where the ovaries produce too many male hormones. This condition affects millions of women around the world and can begin as early as age eleven. PCOS may cause irregular periods, acne, cysts on the ovaries, and facial hair growth. Many also experience hairloss on the scalp, while noticing more hair in other parts of the body.