What is Alopecia Areata?


alopecia areata

Are clumps of your hair falling out? Do they leave a number of round, hairless patches on your scalp? You might be suffering from Alopecia Areata.

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia is defined as baldness or hair loss, and Alopecia Areata is but one of its several patterns.

Alopecia Areata is a specific type of hair loss that affects both men and women. Also called spot baldness, this condition causes bald spots on your scalp. In rare cases, the condition may even cause total hair loss.

It usually occurs when your immune system attacks your hair follicles and interrupts regular hair formation. While alopecia areata may develop at any age, in most cases it primarily occur at age 20 and below.

What Causes Alopecia Areata?

  • Alopecia Areata is classified as a systemic autoimmune disorder. The immune system would normally protect the body from foreign bodies such as bacteria, viruses and the like that may cause infection and disease. But in an autoimmune disease, your immune system misguidedly attacks part of your body instead of protecting it. For Alopecia Areata the immune system attacks your hair follicles, which in turn suppresses normal hair growth.
  • While Alopecia Areata is not transmittable and its main cause is unknown, it commonly occurs amongst family members. Considering these observations, scientists speculate that heredity and genes might be a factor in its development.

Symptoms of Alopecia Areata

Loss of hair is usually the only symptom for the condition. But in some cases, there may also be a burning and itching sensation on the bald patches.
At the onset of Alopecia Areata, clumps of hair fall out resulting in smooth, round patches of baldness on your scalp. Sometimes, hair just gets thinner without any readily evident bald spots. Your hair may also grow and eventually break resulting in short stubs generally referred to as ‘exclamation point’ hair.

Treatments for Alopecia Areata

While your bald patches usually just grow hair back in a span of 6 months to a year, it is still advisable to consult your trichologist.

In this day and age where medical technology is growing exponentially, there are a number of medications available for the treatment of Alopecia Areata and just about any type of hair loss.

If you think you’re showing symptoms of Alopecia Areata, act on it immediately! Dial 892-4247 to get your free hair and scalp consultation.